1. Summary

  • Bring thoughts against God’s will under captivity and cling to words that are approved by God.
  • Prerequisite of virtue: we need a fertile mind/heart, receptive and open to God’s word.
  • Prerequisite of knowledge: God approves of things that are true, honourable, just, pure, lovely, commendable, excellent, and worthy of praise.
  • Heart >> intents >> thoughts >> action. Evil intents/desires lead to evil thoughts and evil deeds, never to good deeds.
  • Have intelligent care for the future in management and in judgement.

2. Binding Commandments

2 Cor 10:5
“Casting down arguments and every high thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God, bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ”

Paul provides tips on how we can distinguish ourselves from those who walk with the flesh, that we should walk with meekness and gentleness

  1. Bring under captivity thoughts that go against the knowledge of God

Important to demonstrate our obedience to Christ.

Phil 4:8
“Finally, brothers, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is commendable, if there is any excellence, if there is anything worthy of praise, think about these things.”
  1. God allows us to think/meditate on what is true, honourable, just, pure, lovely, commendable, excellent, worthy of praise.

Luke 8:15
“But the ones that fell on the good ground are those who, having heard the word with a noble and good heart, keep it and bear fruit with patience.”
  1. Cling to good thoughts.
  2. It is important to have a fertile mind/heart, receptive and open to God’s word.

3. Commentary

Gen 6:5
“Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.”
  1. Thoughts have intents,
  2. Intents come from the heart,
  3. Intents can be good or evil.
  4. Intents shape our thoughts.

Mat 15:18,19
“But those things which proceed out of the mouth come from the heart, and they defile a man. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies. These are the things which defile a man, but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile a man.”

Jesus is confronted by the scribes and Pharisees saying that they disrespect the traditions of the elders. Jesus replies that what is important is the commandments of God, not man.

  1. Out of the heart comes thoughts and actions,
  2. These things have the potential to defile us.

James 1:14,15
“But each one is tempted when he is drawn away by his own desires and enticed. Then, when desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, brings forth death”
  1. Thoughts and desires brood and take seed in our minds
  2. Evil thoughts when fully grown will lead to sin,
  3. Sin leads to death.

Mat 12:34,35
“Brood of vipers! How can you, being evil, speak good things? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good things, and an evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth evil things.”

1) It is impossible for good thoughts/hearts to bring forth evil, or evil thoughts/hearts to bring forth good.

4. Non-binding Commandments

Prov 1:3
“To receive the instruction of wisdom, Justice, judgment, and equity;”

Justice, judgement, and equity were aspects of law and order during messianic times. Solomon prefaces that by saying it is sakal (wisdom), or the way we think, that is first required before we can gain righteous judgement and peace. See more in my commentary of prov 1:3.

  1. Sakal, a type of thinking, is needed to achieve righteousness and peace.